The Tilia Americana
is commonly known as American Basswood
, as well as Linden< Go Back
The native range of basswood extends from southwestern New Brunswick and
Maine west to southern Quebec, southern and western Ontario, Michigan,
Minnesota, and southeastern Manitoba; south to eastern North
Dakota, northern and eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, and northeastern
Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina,
and New Jersey [47
The currently accepted scientific name for basswood is Tilia americana
]. Some authorities agree that T. americana, T. heterophylla,
and T. caroliniana are more correctly treated as one highly variable
Basswood generally occurs in mixed stands and rarely forms pure stands
. It is codominant in the sugar maple (Acer saccharum)-basswood
cover type, and is a common component of many other mesophytic forests .
Associates in the sugar maple-basswood type include white ash (Fraxinus
americana), northern red oak (Quercus rubra), eastern hophornbeam
(Ostrya americana), red maple (A. rubrum), and American elm (Ulmus
americana) [16,24]. Typical sugar maple-basswood communities in
Wisconsin and Minnesota include 21 percent northern red oak, 35 percent
basswood, 17 percent sugar maple, and 17 percent other species . To
the east, eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) may be present, and
communities on mesic sites would be more like the following: 52 percent
sugar maple, 27 percent basswood, 14 percent yellow birch (Betula
alleghaniensis), 4 percent eastern hemlock, and 3 percent other species .
Publications in which basswood is listed as a dominant, codominant,
or indicator species include:
The vegetation of Wisconsin 
The principal plant associations of the Saint Lawrence Valley 
Deciduous forest 
A forest classification for the Maritime Provinces 
A classification of the deciduous forest of eastern North America .
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Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Sullivan, Janet. 1994. Tilia americana. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.