The Juglans Californica
is commonly known as California Black Walnut
, California Walnut
, Southern California Black Walnut
, as well as Southern California Walnut< Go Back
Southern California walnut is endemic to California [10
]. The current
distribution of southern California walnut-dominated forests and
woodlands is limited to the Santa Clarita River drainage in the vicinity
of Sulphur Mountain, small stands in the Simi Hills and Santa Susana
Mountains, the north slope of the Santa Monica Mountains, and the San
Jose, Puente, and Chino hills. The best remaining stands are in the San
Jose Hills [8
]. Outside of this range, southern California walnut
occurs in Santa Barbara, western San Bernardino, and northern San Diego
]. It is conspicuously absent from the coastal foothills of
the Santa Ana Mountains, San Diego County [33
Southern california walnut is cultivated in Hawaii [38
The currently accepted scientific name for California black walnut is
Juglans californica S. Watson [19
]. There are two varieties: J.
c. var. californica (southern california black walnut) and J. c. var.
hindsii Jepson (northern California black wanut). California black
walnut hybridizes readily with black walnut (J. nigra) and English
walnut (J. regia).
Southern California walnut woodland may be monospecific or mixed. Coast
live oak (Quercus agrifolia) frequently codominants in the walnut
woodland . Between Santa Barbara and Orange counties, southern
California walnut is locally dominant or codominant in the coast live
oak phase of oak woodland [1,8]. Narrow, isolated stands of southern
California walnut sometimes occur in chaparral . Occasionally,
southern California walnut is found in coastal sage scrub .
Classifications naming southern California walnut as a dominant or
indicator species are as follows:
Community ecology and distribution of California hardwood forests and
Californian evergreen forest and woodland 
Oak woodland 
Vegetation types of the San Gabriel Mountains 
Demographic structure of California black walnut (Juglans californica;
Juglandaceae) woodlands in southern California 
An introduction to the plant communities of the Santa Ana and San
Jacinto Mountains .
Associated species not previously mentioned include arroyo willow (Salix
lasiolepis), California sycamore (Platanus racemosa), white alder (Alnus
rhombifolia), California bay (Umbellularia californica), laurel sumac
(Malosma laurina), sugar sumac (Rhus ovata), toyon (Heteromeles
arbutifolia), Mexican elder (Sambucus mexicana), redberry (Rhamnus
crocea), coffeeberry (R. californica), hollyleaf cherry (Prunus
ilicifolia), birchleaf mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus betuloides),
California scrub oak (Quercus dumosa), poison-oak (Toxicodendron
diversilobum), spiny ceanothus (Ceanothus spinosus), bigpod ceanothus
(C. megacarpus), California sagebrush (Artemisia californica),
California buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum), black sage (Salvia
mellifera), fuschia-flower gooseberry (Ribes speciosum), brome (Bromus
spp.), wild oat (Avena fatua), sweetscented bedstraw (Galium triflorum),
rape mustard (Brassica rapa), wildrye (Elymus spp.), and Mexican whorled
milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis) [9,13,14,18,24,28].
< Go Back
Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Esser, Lora. 1993. Juglans californica. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.