The Arbutus Arizonica
is commonly known as Arizona Madrone
, as well as Arizona Madrono< Go Back
Arizona madrone has a limited distribution. It is found in the
foothills and lower mountains of southern Arizona and New Mexico, and
northern Mexico [11
The currently accepted scientific name of Arizona madrone is Arbutus
arizonica (Gray) Sarg. [11
]. It is a member of the heather family
(Ericaceae). There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms.
Arizona madrone is widespread in mesic areas of the Madrean (i.e.,
Sierra Madre) evergreen woodlands, extending up into the mixed
coniferous forest [1,4,13]. Additionally, it is a minor component of
two riparian community types: (1) Arizona sycamore/American ash
(Platanus wrightii/Fraxinus pennsylvanica) and (2) Arizona sycamore
. Arizona madrone is an important species within the oak-pine
woodland, especially the pygmy conifer-oak scrub (Pinus
cembroides-Juniperus deppeana-Quercus arizonica, Q. emoryi) [5,17,30].
It is also found in drier adjacent communities with buckbrush (Ceanothus
huichugore) [4,18]. It is listed as a minor seral species in the
Forest and woodland habitat types (plant associations) of Arizona south
of the Mogollon Rim and southwestern New Mexico .
< Go Back
Much of the information presented here is attributed to:
Pavek, Diane S. 1993. Arbutus arizonica. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available at USDA Forest Service.